Gelişmiş Ülkelerde Kurumsal Yapı ve Uluslararası Rekabet Gücü İlişkisi

Aynur Yıldırım, Mehmet Faysal Gökalp

Öz


Çalışmada 2000-2011 dönemi için, 23 kurumsal yapı değişkeninin kullanılmasıyla, 21 gelişmiş ülkenin bulunduğu ülke örnekleminde gelişmiş ülkelerde kurumsal yapının uluslararası rekabet gücü üzerindeki etkisi, “Panel Veri Analizi” yöntemi kullanılarak araştırılmıştır. Analiz sonuçları, yargı bağımsızlığı, mülkiyet haklarının korunması, hukuk sisteminin bütünlüğü, marjinal vergi, politik özgürlükler, karaborsa döviz kuru, yabancı yatırımların kısıtlanması, bankacılık sisteminde özel kesimin payı, işe alma-asgari ücret, işe alma-işten çıkarma değişkenlerinin gelişmiş ülkelerdeki uluslararası rekabet gücü üzerinde pozitif; yasal düzenlemelerin niteliği, hükümet harcamaları, transfer ve sübvansiyonlar, sivil özgürlükler, tarifeler, ticaret engelleri düzenlemeleri, toplu sözleşme ve askeri vesayet değişkenlerinin ise negatif etkiye sahip olduğunu ortaya koymuştur.  


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24988/deuiibf.2016311481

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